(Luke 10: 33 – 34) A PASSAGE MARKED BY JÓZEF OR WIKTORIA ULMA
“But a Samaritan, as he journeyed, came to where he was, and when he saw him, he had compassion. He went to him and bound up his wounds, pouring on oil and wine. Then he set him on his own animal and brought him to an inn and took care of him.”
IN THE PHOTOGRAPH: WIKTORIA ULMA, JÓZEF ULMA
BASIA ROSENBERG FROM PRZEWORSK, ENTRY IN A PRIVATE JOURNAL, DATED SEPTEMBER 2, 1939
“The war. It was continuously spoken about, but no one believed it would actually break out. (…) My nerves are strung. How can I stand it? People are sealing their windows, everyone wants to defend themselves, but does not know how to do it. Oh, God! Have mercy upon us. What comes next...?”
IN THE PHOTOGRAPH: TRAFFIC ON THE WOODEN BRIDGE OVER THE SAN RIVER. PRZEMYŚL, 1939 – 1945. FROM THE COLLECTIONS OF THE NATIONAL DIGITAL ARCHIVES
EDWARD SZPYTMA FROM MARKOWA
“In bright days, when it did not rain (…) smoke plumes could be seen – they came from fires made by the fugitive Jews who wanted to get some warmth, baked potatoes. Before the war, such a view used to make one think of a good time, but now these evenings were not fun – they were a life necessity, a daily struggle for survival.”
IN THE PHOTOGRAPH: MARKOWA, PHOTO TAKEN BY JÓZEF ULMA FROM THE COLLECTIONS OF WŁADYSŁAW ULMA
ABRAHAM SEGAL – THE SURVIVOR
“He accompanied me, he taught me to pray, he gave me a prayer book so that I learned »Our Father, who art in heaven… and forgive us our trespasses, as we forgive those who trespass against us«.”
IN THE PHOTOGRAPH: BAR MITZVAH OF ABRAHAM SEGAL, PRAGUE, DECEMBER 1945 FROM THE COLLECTIONS OF ABRAHAM SEGAL
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December 4, 1942
Liquidation of the ghetto in Krosno
About 600 Jews accommodated in the Krosno ghetto were deported to the ghetto in Rzeszów and to the Bełżec extermination camp.
December 4, 1942
Establishment of the “Żegota” Council to Aid Jews
The objective of this organisation, formed under the auspices of the Polish Government in Exile and its Delegation for Poland, was to help Jews condemned to extermination, to urge Poles to organise help for Jews, and to alert international public opinion about the genocide committed by the Germans.
December 5, 1938
Władzio Ulma, the son of Wiktoria and Józef, was born
Killed by the Germans on March 24, 1944, in Markowa, together with his parents and siblings.
December 6, 1942
Murder in Ciepielów and Rekówka
The Germans killed 31 Poles, including the seven-member Kowalski family, and members of the Kosior, Obuchiewicz and Skoczylas families, for their help they had extended to Jews. Almost all of them were burned alive.